Color: Heartwood is yellow after cutting and turns deep pinkish tan to warm reddish brown within weeks due to high resin content. Sapwood remains yellow, with occasional blue-black sap
Grain: Dense, with high figuring. Plainsawn is swirled; rift- or quartersawn is primarily pinstriped. Curly or burl grain is rare.
Variations Within Species and Grades: Moderate color variation.
Hardness/Janka: 1225; 5% softer than Northern red oak.
Dimensional Stability: Above average (change coefficient .00263; 29% more stable than red oak).
Durability: Natural resistance to insect infestation in heartwood; dense.
Sawing/Machining: Good machining and hand-tooling qualities.
Sanding: Tendency to clog paper due to high resin content; begin with coarse grade.
Nailing: Good holding ability.
Finishing: Accepts both surface and penetrating finishes. Some stains may blotch; raising grain first may help. To reduce the wood's tendency to repel solvent that is compatible with the finish to be used.